G

G is for Grain. Grain is really a film photography term and refers to the tiny flecks found in film photographs. Depending on the type of film used, how it’s processed and in particular the speed of the film, the grain will vary in texture and amount. It’s digital equivalent is called ‘noise’ and in photographic editing software, e.g Lightroom et al, grain can…

F

F is for f-stop, the letter you find engraved on every camera lens. It indicates the maximum available aperture (f-stop) and you need maths to calculate it! A ratio is used being the focal length of the lens in millimeters divided by the diameter of the lens aperture (mm). Thereore, a lens with a 50mm focal length and an aperture of 25mm gives an…

E

E is for Exposure, arguably the most important thing to get right when making an image in camera. Exposure is the amount of light which reaches your camera sensor or film and is affected by shutter speed, aperture, and the ISO settings on the camera. It is a crucial part of how bright or dark your pictures appear, so it’s important to get the…

D

D is for Depth of Field, (DOF) the amount of sharpness in the image from the front to the back, and depends on the aperture used in camera and the distance from the camera to the subject. A full explanation can be found here in A Guide for Beginers. D is for Digitalab, an award winning online photo printing company, based in Newcastle Upon…

C

C is for camera first and foremost and there are more to choose from than you think. Film, Instant, Digital, smartphone, compacts, DSLR, SLR, full frame, Bridge, 360 degrees, CatCams (see below) mirrorless… I have a few of them :). You can read about them in this article which explains the differences. One of the first cameras ever to become public was made by…

B

B is for Bokeh. It is a Japanese word, meaning senility or dizziness, but has been adopted by the photographic comunity to refer to the out of focus areas in a photograph when a shallow depth of field is used. Not just blurry bits, but also distinctly shaped out of focus highlights, usually circular, but that depends on the aperture blades within the lens…

A

A is for abstraction, not a genre of photography I usually do, but I enjoy seeing others work and I try now and then. Some great examples are shown here. Penelope Umbrico is doing some great work and her Suns from Sunsets from Flickr is an interesting concept as is her Full Moons project. To read about famous abstract photographers and see examples of…

Anthology

Anthology, a collection of literary works chosen by the compiler; it may be a collection of plays, poems, short stories, songs, films or excerpts by different authors. I’m starting my own anthology, mostly about photography, and made in alphabetical order to more easily organise my thoughts and resources that I like to use. I will be linking to photographers of note, dipping into Pring’s…