Staindrop and St.Mary’s Church – August 2019

After Sophie and I had finished photographing the butterflies at Raby Castle, we decided to go and have lunch in the nearby village of Staindrop, and visit the church there. Staindrops earliest history begins in Neolithic times, though there is little left to see of that as the current village is built on top of it. Nearby roads and settlements bear evidence of it’s expansion in Roman times.

The History Bit

It is known that the first church in Staindrop was a saxon building made around 771 when Alhred was the King of Northumberland, but not much else is known about it as the recorded history starts in the early 11th century when King Canute (yes the guy who commanded the tide to go back out) had a manor in Staindrop. This and the church he gave to the newly founded priory at Durham . This early church was very small, and Canute had it enlarged by adding a tower and extending the nave.

For the next 100 years the church was yoyo’d between the Bishop and the Monastery of Durham, as both wanted to control the wealth and lands of the area. Then in 1131 the Manor and lands were granted to Dolfin the son of Uchtred (descended from the old Earls of Northumberland and Kings of Alba). Dolfin became Lord Raby which suggested that the manor at Staindrop was being supplanted by one at Raby, which ultimately became Raby Castle.

Dolfins son Maldred took over when Dad died, and he enlarged the church by adding long narrow aisles to each side of the nave, this entailed removing the outer walls.  When Maldred died his son Robert married the wealthy Norman heiress Isabelle Neville, and their son Geoffrey took on the Neville name.

The History of the Nevilles at Raby has been covered in my posts on Raby Castle Here & Here so I’ll leave it up to you if you want to find out more.

The church benefitted nicely from the expanded wealth brought by the Nevilles.  From 1250 – 1260 major renovations went on, rebuilding and heightening of the tower, and adding transepts and a high pitched roof and lancet windows. The aisles were extended westward and a double tiered vestry built with an upper room serving as a hermit’s cell.  (John de Cameva is recorded as hermit of Staindrop in 1336).

In 1343 Ralph the 2nd Baron Neville (he of the battle of Nevilles Cross – see above links) was granted a license to build three chapels in the church,  which entailed the South aisle and transept being taken down and rebuilt with Ashlar stonework. The grant shows that the church was originally dedicated to St.Gregory, but after the reformation, St.Mary became more popular. As well as the chapels, a little vestry was built to serve these and the south porch created.  This area provided the burial space for his mother and later Neville Ladies.

The effigy of Euphemia de Clavering can be found here under an elaborate canopy in the South Wall.

Not sure why I cut off her head, but at least I got the doggies 😀
The head end 🙂

In 1849, when restoration work was going on the figure of Isabella Neville was found, and now her effigy lies next to that of Euphemia (cracking name that!).

Lady Isabelle and a Neville child, not sure who.

In 1408, Ralph’s grandson, also Ralph (here we go again, see links if confused 🙂 ) got a licence to establish a college at Staindrop.  It was sited on the North side of the Churchyard where the mausoleum now stands.

mausoleum

And due to the kudos that having a college brought, Ralph was able to erect the chancel choir pews (with misericords), whilst retaining the 14th Century screen.

This meant making a lot of alterations to the roof and also raising the height and changing the dimensions of the tower by the addition of a new chamber.

This made the building appear oddly out of balance, with a single transept on the north and the oversized aisle on the South. so sometime in the 15th Century the North wall was taken down and moved Northward.

 

At the east end of the chancel is a sedilia (a group of stone seats for clergy in the south chancel wall of a church, usually three in number and often canopied and decorated.)

sedilia

In this next picture you can see a little window high up in the wall on the left, this is the hermits window, where he could look down on the church service and not be observed. So sneaky these hermits.

The chancel with wooden altar, and hermit window high on the left wall.

The reformation came, in the 1500’s and as the Nevilles fortunes waned, the church lost its benefactors. The college was dissolved, the church fell into disrepair and it’s buildings and furnishings were plundered.

But then in 1626 Sir Henry Vane came to the rescue! An important member of the Royal Household, Charles 1st sold Raby Castle to him and granted his petitioned to become lay Rector of Staindrop.  Henry and his descendants saved the church,. The altar which was destroyed in the reformation was replaced with a wooden table which you can just about see in the picture above and the ancient fabric of the church was retained by making the necessary repairs.

In the early 1900’s the chancel got a new floor made of local Frosterly marble and new panelling around the sanctuary incorporating the reredos. 

The tombs of the church were also moved to their current locations at this time. In the South West corner will be found the large alabaster tomb of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland who died in 1425, and his two wives – Margaret Stafford, daughter of Hugh, Earl of Stafford, and Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt and half sister of Henry IV.

Their daughter Cecily known as the Rose of Raby married Richard Duke of York and was the mother of Edward IV and Richard III and from whom every British monarch is descended.

Alongside there is an oak tomb which is that of Henry Neville who died in 1564, and his two wives, Anne, daughter of the Earl of Rutland, and Jane, daughter of Sir Richard Chalmondeley.  The children of the marriage are carved in niches around the tomb.

His son Charles helped lead the Rising of the North for which he was attainted and the lands taken by the crown.

Between them is an older stone Effigy to Margery 2nd wife of Ralph Lord Neville c1343. The tomb slab is mounted on 4 Lions.

In the North West corner the tombs are memorials to the Vane family.  The central effigy is that of William Harry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland.

It was such a surprise to come across all these effigies and tombs in this ordinary looking church. I also noticed a weird thing sticking high up on a wall in the chancel, above the sedilia

I asked a lady who was there arranging the flowers for Sunday, and she told me it was a crusaders helmet, and they had rested at the church and one left his behind. So they mounted it high up as it’s possibly quite valuable and they don’t want it stolen.  The church and it’s contents are not alluded to in Raby Castle, and the flower lady said they were a bit miffed that the castle doesn’t promote them, they have to go cap in hand to English Heritage to get any repairs done, and there’s a fair bit needs doing. It would be nice if the people at the castle let visitors know that this little church held so much of interest, and the visitors could then donate! We did, of course.

All pictures by me and embiggenable with a click.
A few more pictures of the interior and graveyard HERE

ref:-https://www.stmarysstaindrop.org.uk

35 Comments

  1. The church is fascinating. I’d be miffed too that the castle doesn’t promote it. Love the story of the helmet.

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Quite a place!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. It was a good surprise, cheers Sue.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. I love a good surprise!

        Liked by 1 person

  3. Euphemia de Clavering!Thats my new name!Great post…I was just thinking the same about the effigies…huge amount for such a small church. Love the crusaders helmet…its like contemporary art.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Sorry for late reply, need to check my spam filter more regularly which is where I found your comment, along with ‘green bandage dress’ which promises to control my out of shape body 🙄:D, cheers!

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Oh lordy Ive been getting green bandage dresses too! 😀 😀

        Liked by 1 person

  4. The effigies and reliefs are beautiful, especially William Harry Vane. It’s great to see dogs as well!

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thanks ToC, they were great to see.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Great tomb shots indeed, FR. I always find those fascinating.
    And thanks for the history too! 🙂
    Best wishes, Pete.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Another great adventure! I as well love the story about the helmet!

    Liked by 1 person

  7. I could get lost in dreams in and around those old British churches. Thanks for taking me there.
    A Happy New Year to you and yours,
    Pit

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks Pit, you and yours . have a . fab New Year too!

      Liked by 1 person

  8. I think this is one of my favorites of your rambles thus far. Like you, I am surprised by all the people and the history involved! You save me a bit of money with these tours, you know? Happy New Year!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Haha , saving money is always good! Thankas Naomi, Happy New Year to you too!

      Liked by 1 person

  9. Another wonderful history lesson Fraggle!😊

    Liked by 1 person

  10. Strange to think of a little hermit looking down on all the churchy stuff from on high.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes, sounds well wierd! Cheers Denzil 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  11. What a stunner. I think it should probably go on the list.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes, it’s just down the road from Raby Castle so you can do both in the same day.

      Liked by 1 person

  12. WOW! The images or stunning. And I’m such a sucker for stained glass. Gorgeous.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks Keith 🙂

      Like

  13. Lovely, I love the history of these places! The tower has led quite an interesting life over the years….

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes indeed, am surprised it stayed up!

      Like

  14. Such fascinating history & fantastic photography!❤📷💐

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks Book’em XX

      Like

      1. You’re welcome, Waffles.💝☺

        Liked by 1 person

  15. Fascinating history and a lovely little church. Also, you’ve got to love the name Staindrop!

    Liked by 1 person

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