A Geordie – China connection.

After our washed out morning at Dunston Staiths,we crossed the River and went to visit St.Johns Cemetary. We came across some Chinese tombstones, not a usual find when we’re traipsing through graveyards. So I did a little research…..

Back we go to the late 1800’s and to the later part of the Qing dynasty, which, as I’m sure you all know, was presided over by the Empress Dowager Cixi, a formidable and capable lady who had a fascinating life, having started out as a lowly concubine, but ending up as head Missis to the Emperor.  The Chinese had four modernized navies during this period, and the Beiyang Fleet dated back to 1871, when four ships from the southern provinces were shifted north to patrol the northern waters. Initially considered to be the weakest of the four navies, that all changed when one of the most trusted vassals of the Empress, a chap named Li Hongzhang, decided to allot  the majority of naval funds to the Beiyang Fleet thereby making it the largest of China’s  navies.

What has all this got to do with Newcastle I hear you ask, so I shall tell you. You may remember my visit to Cragside last year, which was built by the engineer William Armstrong. You can read about him on that post HERE for it was he who had built a shipyard at Elswick in Newcastle, on the River Tyne, and Li Hongzhang populated his new navy with ships from Germany and Britain. Two of these were built at the Elswick yard, steel protected cruisers, fast and with big guns, the Zhiyuan, and the Jingyuan.

The Elswick Shipyard Mid 1890’s.
Zhiyuan
Jingyuan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A delegation was sent to Newcastle from the Beiyang Navy.  Sadly, 5 of the sailors died of an unspecified illness, whilst waiting to sail the ships back to their base in China. Yuan Peifu, Gu Shizhong, Lian Jinyuan, Chen Shoufu and Chen Chengkui.  They were buried in St Johns Cemetery in Elswick, and over the past 100 years or so their tombstones had deteriorated, collapsed, and sunk into the ground.

Crew of the Zhiyuan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 2016 a student from the Royal College of Art in London posted photos of the cracked tombstones online and quickly attracted the attention of the China Foundation for Cultural Heritage Conservation, a nonprofit organization. The president of the foundation, Li Xiaojie launched a global crowdfunding thingy and raised the money to pay for the tombstones to be restored.

Zhang Rong was the engineer sent by the Foundation to fix the tombs. He flew to Newcastle and met with the council to have a conflab on how to go about it. “We went through each item line by line, trying to find common ground and iron out any differences,” Zhang said. “It was worth the time because we learned so much during the process, especially about improving our standards.” In China, repairing tombstones is quite basic, glue the pieces back together, whereas in Britain, you also have to insert steel rods to make sure they keep standing and don’t fall over on top of people.

Together with Joseph Richmond & Son Memorials, Zhang and his team completed the restoration of the tombstones in December 2018. The graves were originally purchased by the Chinese Government for £5 each, (equivalent to £5000 nowadays).  The Chinese didn’t have much foreign cash at the time, and this would have been a great sacrifice for them.

The rededication ceremony was in June 2019, with Chinese and Newcastlese dignitaries and the like all saying nice things about each other, which is kind of sweet.

“The five sailors can rest peacefully knowing that even after all these years, people back home still care about them. This is a project full of human warmth and love.”  said Li Xiaojie.

When China take over the world we up here will be alright I think 😊

Refs:- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beiyang_Fleet
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/world/2017-02/06/content_28118091.htm
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-06/14/c_138144321.htm
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/china-watch/culture/chinese-graves-restored-in-newcastle/

27 Comments

  1. Really interesting stuff! Sailors often died of disease during such long cruises. I read recently about several British sailors who were buried in Kobe, Japan, in December 1867. Very sad for the families never to see the graves of lost sons.

    Liked by 3 people

    1. It must have been such a worry when they sailed away too. Thanks ToC.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. I think that restoration is a wonderful thing indeed. In a world where there is so much bad feeling between nations, those small personal details can bring mutual understanding.
    Best wishes, Pete.

    Liked by 4 people

    1. Yes I thought that too!

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Very interesting story and a great read. Where I’m from they got the occasional grave of drowned sailors washed upon the shore, often with no name. But they are burried and their graves are taken care of.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. How very interesting! Your bit of traipsing has enlightened us all today.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. One does ones best.

      Like

  5. What an interesting post!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Glad you found it so! Cheers Cindy.

      Like

      1. I was looking at possibly getting a new camera. What do you think of the mirrorless ones? Are they better than my Carl Zeiss lens?

        Liked by 1 person

        1. I swapped the whole of my Nikon gear in order to go mirrorless with a fuji system, and I am very glad I did. What camera do you have at the moment, I assume the Carl Zeiss lens is attached to one?

          Like

    1. Now you do! 🤣 it’s funny what turns up when Sophie and I are out and about!

      Liked by 1 person

  6. It was like reading a novel. I am glad it had solidarity reaching from so long ago to these days : )

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Me too! Thanks Francis.

      Liked by 1 person

  7. I’m glad they wanted to fix them. They did a good job.

    We’ve got people from all over buried in our cemeteries as well. I think it goes with being a port.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes that makes sense, we have a lot of shipwrecked guys in various cems.

      Liked by 1 person

  8. How fascinating!

    Liked by 1 person

  9. Interesting 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

  10. So we used to build things for them, now they build them for us 🙂 Nice bit of history that.

    Liked by 1 person

  11. That’s a nice story about the restoration. It seems that there are many strings to Newcastle’s historical bow!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes, lots went on in the Toon in days of yore. I think these days it’s mostly shopping and building student accomodation whilst knocking down historical buildings! Nice to see one being kept up.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. The funny thing about Toronto is that there’s lots of plaques everywhere describing historical buildings that have long since been torn down and replaced by modern buildings!

        Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.