Up here in the North East, we have Hadrian’s Wall, and quite a lot of Roman ruins, and much is made of them even though they’re a bunch of stones :). Of course some of the stones have ancient words carved into them, and some are arranged in squares and rectangles that used to be buildings to house Roman soldiers, so I guess they are an interesting bunch of stones. Just North of where I live, in fact directly opposite our house over the River Tyne, are the remnants of a Roman fort, named Segedunum.
The History Bit.
The fort lay at the eastern end of Hadrian’s Wall, at Wallsend near the banks of the River Tynes, forming the easternmost portion of the wall. It was in use as a garrison for approximately 300 years, almost up to 400AD.
The original garrison of Segedunum is unknown, but in the 2nd century the Second Cohort of Nervians was stationed there. In the 3rd and 4th centuries the part-mounted Fourth Cohort of the Lingones occupied the fort, as recorded in the Notitia Dignitatum. Both units were 600 strong. 120 cavalry and 480 infantry.
Sometime round about 400AD the fort was abandoned. For centuries the area remained as open farmland, but in the 18th century, collieries were sunk near the fort and the area gradually became a populous pit village. Eventually, in 1884, the whole fort disappeared under terraced housing.
In 1929 some excavations were carried out which recorded the outline of the fort. The local authority marked out this outline in white paving stones. In the 1970s the terraced houses covering the site were demolished.
The site of the fort now contains the excavated remains of the buildings’ foundation of the original fort, as well as a reconstructed Roman Military bathhouse based on excavated examples at Vindolanda and Chester forts. A museum contains items of interest that were found when the site was excavated, and a large observation tower overlooks the site.
Phil asked me if I fancied a trip out on Saturday so I had a google and found they were having a Mercato, (Roman Market) at Segedunum including birds of prey, so that’s where I chose to go. The museum itself is really well done but low lighting so as not to damage the treasures. I didn’t have a tripod so I used the iphone to take some shots inside, they’re a bit meh, but of interesting things. They had a visiting exhibition of Roman finds from all over the place.
This is the marble buriel chest of Titus Valerius Secundus found in Ephesus,Turkey AD 50- 100.
The inscription reads:-To the spirits of the departed and to Titus Valerius Secundus, son of Titus, a soldier in the 7th praetorian cohort in the century of Severus. His home was in Liguria. He served for 8 years and was stationers at Ephesus. He lived 26 years and 6 months.
A stationarius was a border guard/military policeman. It does ‘t say how he died so young though.
They had a replica skull with a replica cut in his head from a roman sword. You can”t see the cut from this angle, but I liked this angle better 🙂
This was lovely, it’s called an ewer and is made from copper alloy and was found in a grave in Bayford, Kent, England around AD 43-140. Although found in our country it’s handle is decorated with greek mythology, which the Romans were very into, and shows Ajax slaying cattle whilst a herdsman flees in terror.
Roman provinces were generally personified as women. This was from a colossal marble statue of a woman probably representing ‘Germania”, a personification of conquered German tribes.
One of the galleries in the museum had an exhibition to do with the ship building industry and Phil was very impressed with the models of the ships which were perfect representations of real ships, and beautifully made.
At the top of the building is a viewing station, from the ground it looks like an air traffic control tower, and I took some iPhone pano’s of the views.
that empty green area is where the fort stood, the white building with red roof 1/3 of the way in on the left is the reconstructed bathhouse, I’ve been in it before and its really well done, but was closed for maintenance this time sadly.
That shows the bath house better, and also you can see 3 white tent like structures & 1 little green tent, this was the market!! A bit underwhelming to be honest but they did have 3 birds of prey and some wonderful pies so all was not lost! The fuji came out.
We bought a beef pie, a pork pie and something & apple, can’t remember what but I’m having some for dinner tomorrow!
They also had some gladiator fights on but we got there at break time.
and someone must’ve been a bear
but best of all, were the birds 🙂
so back to work tomorrow, long journeys again this week.